-Meaning of Open Source Software Open source software (OSS) began as a marketing campaign for free software. OSS can be defined as computer software for which the human-readable source code is made available under a copyright license (or arrangement such as the public domain) Open source software is usually developed as a public collaboration and made freely available. This permits users to use, change, and improve the software, and to redistribute it in modified or unmodified form. It is very often developed in a public, collaborative manner. Open source software is the most prominent example of open source development and often compared to user generated content. Open source hardware refers to computer and electronic hardware that is designed in the same fashion as free and open source software (FOSS). Open source hardware is part of the open source culture that takes the open source ideas to fields other than software. The term has primarily been used to reflect the free release of information about the hardware design, such as schematics , bill of materials and PCB layout data, often with the use of FOSS to drive the hardware. 2.0 THE LATEST OPEN SOURCE 2
2.0 THE LATEST OPEN SOURCE OPERATING SYSTEM (OS) 2.1 MEANING OF OPEN SOURCE OS Open Source Operating System is the most important program that runs on a computer that is free to use, change, and improve the software, and to redistribute it in modified or unmodified forms. Every general-purpose computer must have an operating system to run other programs. Operating systems perform basic tasks, such as recognizing input from the keyboard, sending output to the display screen, keeping track of files and directories on the disk, and controlling peripheral devices such as disk drives and printers. 2.2 EXAMPLE OF OPEN SOURCE OS KUBUNTU LINUX A user friendly operating system based on KDE, the K desktop Environment. With a predictable 6 month release cycle and part of the Ubuntu project, Kubuntu is the GNU/Linux distribution for everyone. Improved desktop,updated applications and increased usability features are just a few of the surprises with this latest release.