The Danelaw covered an area east of their line joining London and Chester. Everything to the east belonged to the Vikings.
There were three main areas where Vikings lived - Northumbria (which included modern-day Yorkshire), East Anglia, and the Five Boroughs. A borough was a town and the five towns were Leicester, Nottingham, Derby, Stamford and Lincoln.
Viking families came to settle on these lands. Good farmland was scarce in the Vikings' own countries, and they were looking for a better life.
The most important city in the Danelaw was the city of York, or ‘Jorvik’ (pronounced 'your-vick'), as the Vikings knew it. Over 10,000 people lived there and it was an important place to trade goods.
Many towns and cities in Britain that were founded by the Vikings can still be spotted today. Places that end in -by, -thorpe or -ay were almost certainly Viking towns.
Summary timeline 410 AD to 1066 AD – Anglo-Saxon England – England and English History
A detailed timeline chronicling the Anglo-Saxon era, suitable for teachers.
Anglo-Saxons – BBC Primary History
This site includes some great information, images and videos to provide a comprehensive overview of the Anglo-Saxons. The videos include information about Saxon life, why the Anglo-Saxons came to Britain and Alfred the Great.
Britons, Saxons, Scots & Picts – Early British Kingdoms for kids
A great site written for children, covering just about everything you need to know about the Saxons! It covers many topics including King Arthur, people, kings, places to live, religion and clothing.
NOTE: Although the pictures are cartoons, some are quite graphic.
Anglo-Saxons – BBC Education bitesize
A selection of animated videos covering the key questions such as why, when and how the Saxons invaded, plus information about Alfred the Great.
Anglo-Saxons: a brief history – The Historical Association
A brief overview of Saxon invasions, suitable for teachers.
Sutton Hoo – The British Museum
A great resource featuring images of the Sutton Hoo excavation. Includes images of weaponry, such as a sword, shield and the famous helmet.
Vikings – BBC Primary History
This site is full of facts, images and videos and provides a brilliant overview of the Vikings. The videos cover a vast array of topics including where Vikings came from, every-day life, longboats and gods.
Vikings: a brief history – The Historical Association
A brief overview of Viking invasions, suitable for teachers.
The Venerable Bede (AD 673–AD 735) – BBC History
A brief overview, suitable for teachers.
Saxon shore forts
Saxon shore forts – Google Maps
An interactive resource, which allows you to zoom in on the forts.
National Geographic – The search for King Arthur – YouTube
This three-minute video summarises the legend of King Arthur.
NOTE: Some fighting scenes are included.
King Arthur, 'Once and Future King' – BBC History
Details about the legend and history of this famous figure, suitable for teachers.
King Arthur – Caerleon Net
A version of the legend and information about how the legend developed.
The Legend of King Arthur, Bishop Thomas Percy – University of Rochester
A copy of the poem.
When good King Arthur ruled this Land – Mama Lisa's World
Words, sheet music and a sample of the tune for this nursery rhyme.
Everyday life of Anglo-Saxons
History cookbook – Cook it!
Information about how food was produced, preserved and cooked.
Anglo-Saxon house – a reconstruction – YouTube
This six-minute film explains techniques used to build a Saxon house.
NOTE:The two links under the ‘Anglo-Saxons’ heading also have some great information about everyday life.
Alfred the Great
Middle Ages Alfred the Great – Ducksters
A biography written for children about the King.
Alfred the Great – Royal Berkshire History for kids
A short summary of Alfred the Great’s life.
Viking Food – BBC History
Text with pictures describing what food Vikings used to eat on typical days and feast nights, suitable for teachers.
Food - Ribe VikingeCenter
Information about Viking feasts and recipes, plus links to information about everyday food.
Sigurd and the Dragon – Storynory
An audio version of the story, ‘Sigurd and the Dragon’. A written copy is also available at the bottom of the page.
Viking sagas – BBC School Radio
A set of animated mini Viking sagas about the gods Odin, Freya and Thor, lasting approximately five-minutes each.
Fun facts on Viking gods – Kids' Fun Facts
Fifteen facts about legendary Viking gods.
Viking Gods – Vikings History
Background information about the history of gods and more detailed information about ten of the gods, suitable for teachers.
Viking death and afterlife
Viking Burials: facts and information – Primary Facts
Facts about Viking beliefs and rituals.
Viking buried in a ship found in Scottish Highlands – The Telegraph
An informative two-minute video describing the discovery of a 1,000-year-old Viking ship found in Scotland, including artefacts, weapons and a very important human body.
Viking funerals, beliefs and the afterlife – Legends and Chronicles
Suitable for teachers, this site explains the Viking customs for burials and the afterlife.