Transcript of Research and MLA Format Intro
Give people credit for their ideas!
Now I am sad.
Every time you use someone else's idea, you must let your reader know, and you must do it in the proper format.
In humanities classes (including this one), we use MLA (Modern Language Association) format to format essays and document sources. Other disciplines use other formats, including APA (American Psychological Association).
MLA format will solve all of your problems!
This is also called
CITING YOUR SOURCES.
Fascinating...Please tell me more!
Things are about to get crazy.
What is Plagiarism?
Most commonly, plagiarism is stealing someone else's ideas or words and passing them off as your own. Whether it is intentional or not, it is still considered plagiarism.
Research is how we find out what others are thinking about a given topic--experts, people in the media, our peers, etc. We find the most credible, compelling information and combine it with our own ideas to get...
Synthesis means you combine your own ideas and opinions with the information that is already out there to create something new--this is what you will ideally do in you research paper!
Which of these is considered plagiarism?
* Turning in an entire essay written by someone else.
* Copying and pasting a quote into your essay without citing it because you were out of time, but you are a really good person.
* Stating someone else's idea in your own words but not citing it.
* Turning a paper you wrote in to two different classes.
They all are.
What will happen to me if I plagiarize?
Well, not all, or even most...but it will help you avoid plagiarism.
Works Cited Entries
Different sources must be cited differently
Do you have one author, two authors, more than three authors, no author?
Are page numbers available?
For example, for in-text citations, you need to know...
For the works cited entries, you need to know...
What type of source do I have? A scholarly journal, an electronic database, a book, an e-book, a newspaper, a magazine, an encyclopedia, etc.?
If you can't identify your source, you can't cite it properly.
Keep track of your sources!
Since it is likely you will be using many electronic sources, you can copy and paste all sources you think you might use into a blank document on your computer. Be sure to add all bibliographic information and enter the date you accessed the source. If you use sources that are not electronic, you will have to type the information into this document as well. I like this method because I have everything in one place, and I can copy and paste most of it.
Properly integrate and cite sources!
You must take all of these steps EVERY TIME you use a source.
Identify what point you want to make.
Identify which source best supports your point
Identify what section of the source supports your point, and whether you will need to summarize, quote, or paraphrase that section.
Introduce, integrate, and respond to your source.
Identify what type of source you have.
Provide an in-text citation and create a works cited entry.
For more help...
Chaffey College Writing Center
(1:1 tutoring, SI, MLA DLA, MLA Workshop)
OWL at Purdue website
Me! (just not at 2:53am the day the essay is due)
The following two sample research papers are typical of the papers that might be submitted in different kinds of courses.
Reading these papers will help you learn about organizing an argument and working with sources. The papers also demonstrate the use of MLA style to document sources and the formatting of the margins, line spacing, and other physical attributes of a printed paper. The MLA’s guidelines on formatting papers appear elsewhere on this site.
The sample papers were written by MLA staff members who are experienced college teachers. You may find that the writing and documentation seem polished. Because the sample papers serve as models, we aimed to make them free of errors in grammar and documentation. Nevertheless, we hope that the papers usefully represent good student work.
This paper, on Jacob Lawrence’s Migration series, shows you how to incorporate figures into your text, style a block quotation, and cite a variety of sources. Read about block quotations in the MLA Handbook (1.3.2–3, 1.3.7).
This paper, on Jane Austen’s Mansfield Park and the courtship novel, features examples of how to use notes in MLA style, cite a dictionary definition, and more.